The consensus amongst the scientific community when it comes to the science of metabolism is that metabolism research is not boring. For some biological scientists, this is an area of biochemistry that is meant to be mastered and then put aside. The science of metabolism has always been there to provide the cell with resources and energy for it to do what is required.
Metabolism is hardly recognized as an influencing factor in the physiological state of the cell. The scientific community is now experiencing a revival in the appreciation of the important role of metabolic rate in physiology, cell biology, and medicine. A new perspective, takes a broader look at the science and other cellular developments that will make scientists better understand the complexities of physiology and how it can benefit the human race.
There is a major renewed interest in the metabolic rate of cancer cells and possible therapeutic advances that can be achieved by taking a closer look at the science of metabolic rate. Studies are being conducted on metabolic changes in deadly cancer cells and how changes to the metabolic enzyme can promote the growth of cancer cells in the human body. These can impact research on finding a better way to kill cancer cells.
When the supply of energy is limited, cells undergo a process of autophagy that breaks down components of the cell that provide substrates for metabolism. Researchers are studying the roles that autophagy plays in metabolic rate, how it is regulated, and the subsequent implications in cancer, diabetes and other degenerative conditions that can be life threatening. The key is in find out how to manipulate the process.
Autophagy is a physiological occurrence that happens when the body’s cells self destruct due to a deprivation of nutrients and cell stress. The autophagy process can make it possible for damaged cells to continue to survive by providing an alternative source of energy when normal metabolic rate of the cell is impaired. The process can turn over damaged cells for new cell formation.
Autophagy can also lead to cell death under certain conditions, some of which scientist hope to be able to manipulate. This occurrence can be programmed to turn into something like apoptosis which make cancer cells die. Autophagy mainly consists of cellular components that renew or destroy itself in a cycle that sustains cell life. Scientists can study the metabolism of cells to manipulate this process to benefit cancer patients, people with diabetes and other life threatening conditions.
These are just some areas of metabolic rate research that can benefit millions of ill patients. Studies can target diseases at a cellular level. Other researchers study the role of insulin and other hormones in controlling cell metabolic function. In some tests the lack of insulin can induce cell death. Lipids also play an important role in glucose.
There are researchers who are studying the role of obesity and insulin resistance in relation to the metabolic system. There are new insights on how metabolism research can be exploited to regulate how the body reacts to jet lag and work shifts that demand people to adjust to constantly changing day and night work cycles. The possibilities and benefits of the science for human health are endless.